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10 Common Dental Problems and Their Solutions

May 13, 2024
Treatment for common dental issues at IM Dentistry

Welcome back to the IM Dentistry blog! Today, we're discussing common dental problems that affect many of our patients. Understanding these issues, from toothaches to gum disease, is crucial for maintaining oral health. Dr. Isaac Menasha, DDS, and our team are here to provide insights and solutions to these everyday dental concerns.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a prevalent dental issue caused by the interaction of plaque with sugars and starches from food. Plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, forms on teeth and produces acids when exposed to sugars and starches in the diet. These acids attack the enamel, the protective outer layer of teeth, leading to demineralization. Demineralization weakens the enamel, creating small holes or weak spots, which eventually develop into cavities or holes in the teeth.


If a cavity does develop, it can typically be treated with a filling, where the decayed portion is removed and replaced with materials like composite resin or amalgam. In severe cases, a root canal or tooth extraction may be necessary. Understanding the process of tooth decay and adopting preventive measures can promote good oral health and prevent the development of cavities.

Gum Disease

Gum disease, medically termed periodontal disease, encompasses a spectrum of severity, from the milder form known as gingivitis to the more serious condition called periodontitis. Gingivitis typically presents with symptoms such as swollen, red, and bleeding gums, often accompanied by bad breath. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, where the infection extends beneath the gum line, leading to bone and tissue damage around the teeth.


Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are vital for early detection and management of gum disease. Dentists can assess gum health, remove tartar, and recommend treatments. For advanced cases, scaling and root planing can clean below the gum line, while surgeries like flap surgery or grafts may be needed to restore gum health.

Sensitive Teeth

Tooth sensitivity is a common dental problem that many people experience, often characterized by discomfort or pain when consuming hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods and beverages. This sensitivity can be quite bothersome, affecting daily activities such as eating and drinking. It is typically caused by either exposed dentin or erosion of the tooth enamel.


To address tooth sensitivity, there are several strategies that can be effective. Using a toothpaste specifically designed for sensitive teeth is one of the first steps. These toothpastes often contain ingredients like potassium nitrate or strontium chloride, which can help to desensitize the nerve endings in the teeth. In addition to using sensitive toothpaste, it's important to practice gentle oral hygiene. Harsh brushing with a hard-bristled toothbrush can further wear down enamel and aggravate sensitivity. Using a soft-bristled brush and gentle brushing techniques can help protect the enamel and reduce discomfort.


For more severe cases of tooth sensitivity or when home remedies are not effective, it's advisable to seek dental treatment. Dentists can assess the underlying cause of the sensitivity and recommend appropriate treatments. This might include applying a fluoride varnish to strengthen enamel, using desensitizing treatments, or addressing issues like gum recession.

Bad Breath

Persistent bad breath, or halitosis, can be embarrassing and may indicate an underlying dental problem. It often stems from poor oral hygiene, gum disease, or certain foods such as onion and garlic. Brushing the tongue, using mouthwash, and staying hydrated can combat bad breath. Regular dental visits can identify and treat the cause.


Toothaches can range from mild discomfort to severe pain and may indicate various issues, including tooth decay, infection, or injury. Over-the-counter pain relievers can provide temporary relief, but it's crucial to see your dentist promptly. Treatment options range from fillings to root canals, depending on the cause.

Dry Mouth

Saliva plays a crucial role in preventing tooth decay by neutralizing acids and washing away food particles. Dry mouth, often caused by medications or certain health conditions, can lead to an increased risk of cavities. Managing dry mouth involves a combination of strategies to alleviate symptoms and reduce the risk of dental problems. Drinking plenty of water throughout the day helps to keep the mouth moist and rinse away food particles. Sugar-free gum or lozenges can stimulate saliva production, providing temporary relief for dryness. These products can also be helpful after meals when saliva flow naturally increases to aid in digestion.

Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

Grinding or clenching teeth, especially during sleep, can lead to worn enamel, jaw pain, and headaches. Stress is a common cause of bruxism. A custom mouthguard can protect teeth from damage. Stress management techniques and relaxation exercises may also be beneficial.

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer can affect the lips, tongue, cheeks, and throat, making regular dental check-ups crucial for early detection. Dentists screen for oral cancer during routine exams, looking for signs like sores, lumps, or patches. Early detection is key for successful treatment, so it's important to see your dentist promptly if you notice any persistent symptoms. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy, depending on the cancer's stage and location.

Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth, or third molars, often cause problems due to lack of space in the mouth. They can become impacted, leading to pain, infection, and damage to adjacent teeth. Regular dental exams with X-rays can monitor their development. Removal may be recommended to prevent complications.

Broken or Chipped Teeth

Broken or chipped teeth can occur due to accidents, injuries, or biting down on hard objects. The severity of the damage determines the treatment options available. For minor chips, dental bonding, where a tooth-colored resin is applied to the tooth, can restore its appearance. More extensive damage might require crowns, which cover the entire tooth, or veneers, thin shells that cover the front surface. Prompt dental care is crucial to prevent further damage or infection, especially if the tooth's inner structure is exposed. Dentists can assess the extent of the injury and recommend the most suitable treatment to restore the tooth's function and aesthetics.

Your Dental Health Matters

At IM Dentistry, Dr. Isaac Menasha, DDS, and our team are committed to helping you achieve and maintain optimal oral health. If you're experiencing any of these dental problems or have concerns about your dental health, don't hesitate to schedule an appointment. Remember, prevention and early intervention are key to a healthy smile!

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Dr. Isaac Menasha, DDS

1726 NJ-27, Edison, New Jersey 08817

Phone: (732) 985-7666

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IM Dentistry by Dr. Menasha: Your Smile is Our Priority

IM Dentistry is dedicated to providing exceptional dental care, ensuring smiles are not just healthy but also radiantly confident.





IM Dentistry by Dr. Menasha: Your Smile is Our Priority

IM Dentistry is dedicated to providing exceptional dental care, ensuring smiles are not just healthy but also radiantly confident.

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